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Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy is a 1. British author John le Carr. It follows the endeavors of taciturn, ageing spymaster. George Smiley to uncover a Soviet mole in the British Secret Intelligence Service. Since the time of its publication, the novel has received critical acclaim for its complex social commentary and lack of sensationalism, and remains a staple of the spy fiction genre. David Cornwell (John le Carr.
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He said that Philby betrayed his identity to the Russians, which was a factor in the 1. The three novels were later published as an omnibus edition titled Smiley Versus Karla in 1. These are the fifth, sixth, and seventh le Carr. Two of the characters, Peter Guillam and Inspector Mendel first appeared in le Carr. The names are derived from the English children's rhyme .
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George Smiley, former deputy chief of the Circus, has been living in unhappy retirement for a year after an operation in Czechoslovakia, code- named Testify, ended in disaster with the capture of agent Jim Prideaux and provoked the dismissals of Smiley and his superior, Control. Smiley is unexpectedly approached by Peter Guillam, a former colleague, and Under Secretary Oliver Lacon, the Civil Service officer responsible for overseeing the Intelligence Services, to hear Ricki Tarr, a British agent now in hiding, tell of the existence of a Soviet mole, code- named Gerald and handled by Moscow Centre. When Tarr cabled the information to London, his contact was immediately returned to Moscow and Tarr went on the run to escape Soviet agents. Smiley accepts Lacon. He soon focuses on the details of British intelligence. Merlin had been developed and vigorously sponsored by four ambitious senior Circus men, led by Percy Alleline, who wanted to oust Control and had rallied Circus overseers in Whitehall to their cause at the time of Testify. Gerald must be one of these four: Alleline himself, a vain and politically skilled Scot who took over as Chief from Control; Roy Bland, a gifted if boorish intellectual of humble origins; Toby Esterhase, a self- serving Hungarian refugee hungry for promotion; or Bill Haydon, an aristocratic polymath and a Circus legend who once had an affair with Smiley.
Eventually, Smiley realizes the truth: the Merlin emissary is none other than Polyakov himself and that the actual flow of information goes the other way, with Gerald passing actual British secrets while receiving fake and worthless Soviet material. Smiley suspects a link between Merlin and the botched Operation Testify, whose details Control had hidden from him at the time.
He tracks down Prideaux and all other Circus participants and confirms the connection. Control had independently concluded the existence of a mole and mounted Testify to learn his identity from an aspiring defector in Czech intelligence privy to the information. Polyakov and Karla, Moscow Centre. The Czech defector was a plant, engineered by Karla to provoke Control. Tarr is sent to Paris where he sends a coded message to Alleline about information crucial to the well- being of the Service. This triggers an emergency meeting between Gerald and Polyakov at the safe house where Smiley and Guillam are lying in wait.
Polyakov, who has diplomatic immunity, leaves to return to Moscow. Haydon. He is expected to be exchanged with the Soviet Union for several of the agents he betrayed but is killed shortly before he is due to leave England. Although the identity of his killer is not explicitly revealed, it is strongly implied to be Prideaux. Smiley is appointed temporary head of the Circus to deal with the fallout. Smiley visits Ann in an attempt to salvage their relationship. Characters. But in 1. Circus . Smiley became a spy's spy for two reasons: first, his wife, Lady Ann Sercomb, described him as .
Secondly, Smiley saw the opportunity for . As of the events of Tinker Tailor, Smiley has become Control's right- hand man. However, Smiley is forced out of the Circus after Control's retirement and continues his academic research into the 1. German Baroque literature. Percy Alleline: Chief of the Circus following Control's ousting.
Former field agent; Control despised him. Alleline spent his early career in South America, Northern Africa and India.
Alleline is knighted in the course of the book in recognition of the quality of the . Son of a dockworker who was . Smiley had recruited him. Bland was the top specialist in Soviet satellite states and spent several years under cover as a left- wing academic in the Balkans before being instated in Circus. Before the war he was a Cambridge don. Toby Esterhase: . Hungarian; recruited by Smiley as .
Son of a French businessman and an Englishwoman and longtime associate of Smiley from the Ministry of Defence. Bill Haydon: Commander of London Station; worked with the Circus since the war. Reputed to be bisexual. Father was a High Court judge.
Close companion of Prideaux since university. One of Ann Smiley's many cousins, also her lover. One of the four who ran the double agent codenamed . Recruited Smiley to find the mole. As Guillam phrased it, . Cambridge. Mendel: Retired former Inspector in the Special Branch, who assists Smiley. He and Smiley have worked together before and Smiley trusts him more than most.
Keeps bees as a hobby. Jim Prideaux (code name: Jim Ellis): Fluent speaker of Czech and several other languages.
He was shot in Czechoslovakia on the operation code- named . Now teaches at a boys' prep school. A close friend of Haydon. Raised partially abroad and educated at Oxford University. Connie Sachs: Former Russia analyst for the Circus, forced to retire, now runs a rooming house in Oxford.
Alcoholic, but with an excellent memory. She is said to have been modelled on Milicent Bagot.
Ricki Tarr: A field agent who found Irina and gives a clear indication that there is a . Smiley trained him and gave him his first job. Works for Guillam as one of the . This term should not be confused with a member of an intelligence service who recruits spies; they are referred to as intelligence officers or more particularly case officers. Babysitters. Bodyguards. Burn. Blackmail. Circus. The novel's name for SIS (Secret Intelligence Service), MI6, which collects foreign intelligence.
It was a seven- part miniseries and was released in September of that year. The series was directed by John Irvin, produced by Jonathan Powell, and starred Alec Guinness as George Smiley. In 1. 98. 8, BBC Radio 4 broadcast a dramatisation, by Rene Basilico, of Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy in seven weekly half- hour episodes, produced by John Fawcett- Wilson. It is available as a BBC audiobook in CD and audio cassette formats. Notably, Bernard Hepton portrays George Smiley. Nine years earlier, he had portrayed Toby Esterhase in the television adaptation. In 2. 00. 9, BBC Radio 4 also broadcast new dramatizations, by Shaun Mc.
Kenna, of the eight George Smiley novels by John le Carr. Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy was broadcast as three one- hour episodes, from Sunday 2. November to Sunday 1.
December 2. 00. 9 in BBC Radio 4's Classic Serial slot. The producer was Steven Canny.
The film was released in the UK and Ireland on 1. September 2. 01. 1, and in the United States on 9 December 2. It included a cameo appearance by John le Carr.
The film received numerous Academy Award nominations including a nomination for Best Actor for Gary Oldman for his role as George Smiley. The film also starred Colin Firth as Bill Haydon, Benedict Cumberbatch as Peter Guillam, Tom Hardy as Ricki Tarr, and Mark Strong as Jim Prideaux.